The AER is Alberta’s decision-making body for applications for energy development, monitoring for compliance assurance, decommissioning of developments, and all other aspects of energy resource activities. AER set up a regional network, including Libra VSAT systems, was set up to monitor induced seismic activity in real time across the province of Alberta.
Borealis GeoPower’s Canoe Reach project near Valemount, British Columbia is on track to become the first geothermal power and heat project in British Columbia. Nanometrics is working with Borealis and the University of Calgary’s Department of Geosciences to get an understanding of baseline seismicity in the area before any major resource development begins. Nanometrics is providing Borealis GeoPower with continuous on-line data acquisition using an array of Trillium Compact seismometers and Centaur digitizers. We’re also processing continuous time-series data including the provision of local magnitudes, location and depth estimates for events detected by the system.
M. Jeffrey Mei from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and MIT and his team developed a multiple-station technique for localizing glacier calving events was applied to Helheim Glacier in southeastern Greenland. Using the seismic data from Nanometrics Trillium 120 and three Nanometrics Trillium 240 broadband seismometers, researchers generated a catalogue of 11 calving locations, showing that calving preferentially happens at the northern end of Helheim Glacier.
The Seismological Center of Taiwan’s Central Weather Bureau monitors seismic activity in and around Taiwan. The Center provides seismic information to the public, such as reports of felt earthquakes and tsunami warnings. The Center runs the Taiwan Strong-Motion Instrumentation Program, a multiphase project including OBS stations that is part of a national early warning network.
The institute leads China's seismo-geological development with a focus on comprehensive multidisciplinary earth science research covering geology, geophysics, geochemistry and geodesy. The institute is mainly involved in the basic research in the fields of seismic science, earthquake prevention and disaster reduction.
Nanometrics has a lengthy history with CTBTO, having worked closely with the global organization to design and set up their global monitoring network that includes infrasound, hydroacoustic sensors, in addition to the 50 primary and 120 auxiliary seismic stations, which monitor for shock waves resulting from manmade explosions.
DMR Thailand is responsible for advising the Thai government on all aspects of geosciences, as well as providing professional geoscientific advice to the public. The research outcomes and information provided supports the wise use of geological resources, raises public awareness about the earth and the environment, helps to minimize the victims of natural disasters and enhances the overall quality of life.
GEOICE, led by Jeremy Paul Winberry of Central Washington University, will provide increased observational capabilities and logistical efficiencies needed to seismically image the structures and dynamic behavior of both the solid Earth and overlying ice in remote ice-covered regions. Nanometrics Meridian Compact postholes were deployed at Taku Glacier, Alaska during the summer of 2015 and retrieved during the summer of 2016.
Using data from the 53-station DOMERAPI seismic network, which was running from October 2013 to April 2015, as well as data from the BMKG network, researchers from Indonesia and France studied the internal structure of Mt. Merapi and vicinity using seismic tomographic imaging.
Ireland Array is an array of broadband seismic stations that was deployed across Ireland by the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies Geophysics department. The backbone component of the array is formed by 20 stations, equipped with Trillium 120PA seismometers. The stations were installed between 2010 and 2012, and will be deployed for 5 years.
ETH Zurich is a science, technology, engineering and mathematics university in the city of Switzerland. ETH maintains a pool of instruments for temporary deployment and also hosts the Swiss Seismological Network, which includes permanent broadband and strong motion stations. The network monitors of seismic activity in Switzerland and its neighbouring countries, assesses seismic hazard in Switzerland, warns and informs the authorities, the public, and the media, undertakes research and teaching and oversees Swiss involvement in the international monitoring of the nuclear test ban treaty. The Swiss network includes legacy products Trillium 240 vault seismometers and Taurus digitizers as well as Centaur digitizers and Trillium 120 borehole seismometers.
FUNVISIS executes and promotes seismological research and studies and is responsible for , the operation and maintenance of the 35-station seismological network in the country, which provides continuous recording and monitoring of national seismological activity.
Nanometrics has been engaged by the Geological Survey of Israel to design, deploy and operate a 120+ station national earthquake early warning system. The network will include Titan accelerometers and TitanSMA accelerographs, Trillium 120 seismometers and Centaur digital recorders.
The primary purpose of the IGP, under Peru’s ministry of the environment, is to study all phenomena related to the structure, physical conditions and evolutionary history of the Earth. IGP undertakes scientific research, education and service rendering in applied geophysics, focusing on seismology, volcanology and the study of El Niño.
GeoScience BC and their partners (the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, BC Oil and Gas Commission and Natural Resources Canada) wanted to better understand the effects of hydraulic fracturing in the province’s Horn River Basin area. The network included Trillium 120 Posthole seismometers and Libra VSAT real-time satellite communication system. Because the Trillium 120 Posthole is such a sensitive instrument with lower detection thresholds, GeoSciences BC could distinguish natural from induced seismicity. The network is managed by Nanometrics, with real-time data being sent to Natural Resources Canada and eventually the IRIS Data Management Center.
The seismology division of GFZ examines geodynamic processes through the application and development of seismological methods for imaging the upper mantle and crust. They also locate and characterise seismicity on a local and regional scale as a marker of stress and deformation processes. GFZ operates the global seismic network GEOFON, which contributes to seismological research and earthquake and tsunami hazard mitigation at an international level.
The Transportable Array (TA) is one of four key observatories that make up IRIS’s Earthscope USArray. The TA is a network of 400 broadband seismographs and atmospheric sensors that have been operated at temporary sites across the United States from west to east in a regular grid pattern, beginning in August 2007. The Transportable Array is currently using Trillium 120 vault seismometers, Trillium 240 vault seismometers, Trillilum 120 posthole seismometers and Titan accelerometers.
The Caribbean Earthquake Tsunami network monitors seismic activity in the West Indies. The network rapidly analyzes seismic data to determine the possibility of a tsunami occurring so that warnings can be sent to affected areas. The network contains 20 Libra VSAT stations, with a hub on Martinique.
JICA’s Science and Technology Cooperation on Global Issues program focuses on Environment and Energy, Bioresources, Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Infectious Diseases Control issues from a global perspective. JICA works with recipient countries to promote international joint research with research institutions in Japan in order to obtain new knowledge that is conducive to resolving global issues and ensures capacity building of research institutions in developing countries.
KOPRI undertakes scientific research to address key issues of global or fundamental importance that require access to the Arctic/Antarctic or related regions. In addition, KOPRI provides reliable and independent advice to the Korean government and other stakeholders and enables national and international cooperation and coordination of major research programs, especially those addressing complex scientific problems or requiring significant technology or infrastructure.
Along with the Alaska Volcano Observatory’s 12 permanent seismic stations, Ninfa Bennington from the University of Wisconsin and team members from Scripps, USGS and Nanometrics installed 13 temporary stations that included Meridian Compact posthole broadband seismometers both in and around the Okmok caldera in the summer of 2015. The temporary array recorded seismic data until its retrieval in August 2016. The resulting data will help to image the entire volcanic system at Okmok caldera through use of seismic and magnetotelluric tomographic methods.
The National Energy Technology Lab (NETL) is part of the US Department of Energy’s national laboratory system. The lab implements a broad spectrum of energy and environmental research and development programs, including monitoring of induced seismicity.
Japan’s National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience conducts comprehensive fundamental basic study and fundamental research and development in order to increase the level of science and technology for disaster risk reduction, through industry/academic/government cooperation.
Research undertaken at the Seismological Lab has mainly focused on earthquake early warning and observational seismology in the Taiwan region. One of its major efforts has been the establishment of an earthquake early warning system in Taiwan to enable speedy response to damaging earthquakes.
In 2016, Natural Resources Canada chose Nanometrics to recapitalize and modernize the equipment used in the Canadian National Seismograph Network, a cross-Canada network operated by the Geological Survey of Canada. The $4.6 million contract includes the purchase of Trillium 120 QA seismometers for monitoring regional seismicity, Titan accelerometers for monitoring strong ground motion, Centaur digitizers, associated software and training.
In February 2016, the Government of British Columbia announced an investment of $5 million for the development of an earthquake early warning system for southwestern British Columbia. The first sensor, deployed in June 2016, is a Titan accelerometer, encased in a glass sphere to withstand the pressure in water depths of 850 m at Barkley Canyon, off the southern coast of British Columbia. The system will be installed, tested and delivered to Emergency Management BC by March 2019.
OIINK is a flexible array experiment led by Gary Pavlis and Hersh Gilbert of Indiana University, designed to help improve understanding of the deep geological structure and seismic activity in North America’s continental interior and to help us better understand—and better prepare for—the hazards associated with future earthquakes in the region. Originally called Structure and Dynamics of the North American Craton, this joint project of Indiana University, Purdue University, and the University of Illinois and the Indiana and Illinois state geological surveys provided enhanced station density of 3 to 1 relative to the Earthscope Transportable Array. Installation began in the summer of 2011, 38 of 60 first sites were vaults, 18-month deployment
Three-year deployment of 60 Trillium Compact Posthole stations in two groups (for a total of 120 planned sites), centered on the Illinois Basin.
The PNSN is a joint venture of the University of Washington and the University of Oregon that monitors earthquake and volcanic activity across the Pacific Northwest. The network is the second-largest in the US, consisting of over 300 stations. The network features both TitanSMA strong-motion accelerographs and Trillium Cascadias.
The Permafrost Active Layer Seismic Interferometry Experiment was conducted at the Poker Flat Research Range in Fairbanks, Alaska by Robert Abbott and Hunter Knox of the Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The experiment was designed to monitor changes in active layer thickness in real time. Data are derived primarily from seismic data streaming from seven Nanometrics Trillium Posthole seismometers directly buried in the upper section of the permafrost. Results from the Horizontal to Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) analysis shows the method’s effectiveness at determining the active layer’s thickness with a single station.
PHILVOCS is an institute of the Philippine Department of Science and Technology whose mandate is to mitigate disasters that may arise from volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunami and other related geotectonic phenomena. PHILVOCS provides timely, quality information and services for warning, disaster preparedness and mitigation through the development and application of technologies for the monitoring and accurate prediction of, and determination of areas prone to, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis and other related hazards, and capacity enhancement for comprehensive disaster risk reduction.
RVO is a branch of the Geological Survey of Papua New Guinea that monitors the activity of the 14 active and 23 dormant volcanoes in Papua, New Guinea.
Under the Ministry of Agriculture, the mandate of the Royal Irrigation Department includes the implementation of activities related to prevention of damages from water; safety of dams and appurtenant structures; safety of navigation in commanded areas.
Brazilian mining company Samarco is working with Nanometrics to monitor tailings dams to gain accurate and detailed data regarding seismic activities in the region. The network consists of Trillium Compact 20s seismometers and Centaur digital recorders.
The Saudi Geological Survey (SGS) currently operates a 200+ station, world-class seismic monitoring network. Nanometrics also provides full technical support and network monitoring services for SGS.
Nanometrics original move into the OBS market segment came when SCRIPPS selected the Trillium 240 seismometer (a legacy product) for their deep long-term deployment OBS fleet. Multiple one year deployments of the SCRIPPS systems demonstrated the exceptional performance of these systems with >99.9% data availability from the sensor packages over all deployments. The only failure came when a glass floatation sphere imploded at a depth of 6,000 meters, sending shock wave through the sensor package. SCRIPPS and Woods Hole selected the Trillium Compact for the Cascadia OBS initiative.
The SEISMOGLAC project, led by Andreas Köhler, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, contributed to the improved understanding of processes such as iceberg calving and glacier surging using seismic data as they relate to climate change. Thirteen years of data from permanent stations on the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard supplemented data from a temporary array including Trillium 120 PA’s deployed between May and mid-September 2013.
SGC plays an integral role in the development and management of geoscientific knowledge in the country. Its mandate includes research into and monitoring of geological hazards as a basis for comprehensive risk management, territorial and environmental planning and development planning. SGC encourages research and application of nuclear technologies and ensures control in the use and safe disposal of nuclear and radioactive materials in the country.
We are monitoring seismicity in the Montney region for Seven Generations Energy. The five Trillium Compact stations will assist Seven Generations in their voluntary monitoring of induced seismicity in the region of their Kakwa River Project in Alberta, Canada.
Tex-Net is a statewide seismic monitoring led by the Bureau of Economic Geology at the University of Texas at Austin. The network includes 23 permanent stations that feature Trillium 120 borehole seismometers and 37 temporary stations using Trillium Compact posthole seismometers. Tex-Net will help locate and determine the origins of earthquakes; the temporary stations will allow investigators to move stations for site-specific assessments as needed.
The Kingdom of Tonga’s Geological Services Unit, with assistance from the Japanese government through JICA, launched an upgraded earthquake and tsunami monitoring network in late 2011. The network covers Tonga as well as nearby Fiji.
A 29-station network was deployed near the Brazeau Dam in Alberta to monitor natural and manmade seismicity in the region of this critical infrastructure.
After five decades of nuclear weapons production at the Hanford Site in Washington state, one of the largest nuclear cleanup efforts in the world began in 1989. The Hanford Seismic Network, supplemented by the Eastern Washington Regional Network, features the Trillium Cascadia, which measures both strong and weak motion in a single instrument. The data collected is published and used by Hanford Site contractors involved in waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction.
We are proud of our long-standing relationship with the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the world’s principal global source of data and information for earthquake locations, earthquake hazard mitigation and earthquake emergency response. We were awarded our first five-year call-off contract with USGS in 2010. The second five-year call-off contract was awarded in 2016. USGS operates the Advanced National Seismic System across the US and, in partnership with IRIS, the 150+ station Global Seismic Network, which includes many Nanometrics seismometers. Most recently, USGS has ordered several Trillium 360 seismometers, in vault, posthole and borehole form factors.
The University of São Paulo operates 24 stations in the 82-station Brazilian Seismographic Network. The University of Brasília operates 26, and the National Observatory and Rio Grande do Norte Federal University operate16 each. Most stations transmit in real-time via satellite or cell-phone links.
The University of Texas Jackson School of Geosciences is one of the largest and most prestigious geosciences programs in the world. Students and researchers have access to a wide range of seismic and geophysical facilities and equipment, including Nanometrics sensors and digitizers.
ERI employs researchers in fields ranging from seismology to volcanology, geophysics, geochemistry, geology, geodesy, applied mathematics, information science, civil engineering and seismic engineering. ERI focuses on advanced research, field observations, experiments, theoretical studies, analyses and computer simulations to explore various phenomena within the earth and seismic and volcanic activities on our planet as well as mitigating disasters from these phenomena.
The Wadia Institute is an autonomous research affiliated with the government of India. Govt. of India. The institute studies the geology of the Himalayas, serving as a national reference centre and pursuing new concepts and models regarding the geodynamic evolution of the Himalaya through an integrated interdisciplinary approach.